What We Do?
A carbon credit is a financial unit of measurement that represents the removal of one ton of carbon dioxide equivalent (tCO2e) from the atmosphere. Currently, there exists two main green or carbon markets globally for Green House Gas (GHG)emission reduction: Carbon Emission Reduction (CER) market under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) under Kyoto Protocol and the Voluntary Emission Reduction (VER) market which is a voluntary market for GHG emission reductions. Some of our projects which have had credits accumulated are as under:
- a. Hassan Biogas Project – Consecutively issued credits issued in full for 6 years.
- b. Arakalagudu biogas project - Consecutively issued credits issued in full for 5 years.
- c. Sidlaghatta biogas project - Consecutively issued credits issued in full for 4 years.
CDM Projects with additional accreditation from Gold Standard Projects:
The Gold Standard (GS) is viewed as an independent certification standard which is issued for carbon credits generated from Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects or VER projects. Internationally viewed and recognized as the benchmark carbon credits for quality and rigor in carbon markets, following of our projects are currently under the Gold Standard purview:
SKG Sangha biodigester PoA has been registered to implement at least 20 Component Project Activities (CPA)s. This Program of Activity(POA) boasts of dual registrations, clean development mechanism (CDM) and Gold Standard (GS) renowned for its strong and sustainable development components.
The aim of this program is to install one domestic size biogas plant for each eligible household in India. At SKG Sangha, we implement a unique approach which simply aims at improving an existing national government promotion scheme for household biogas across India, especially rural areas. We also decisively support the households in closing the financial gap for biodigester and cook stove purchases.
Our first CPA, Gulbarga biodigester program is currently under implementation and is expected to finish installation of all the units scheduled by the end of 2017.
- Based on preliminary studies conducted on the waste left behind by Jaggery making industries, SKG Sangha has unearthed that it is not only possible but also viable to produce biogas out of this resultant waste. The gas produced can be used as fuel for cooking Jaggery while also having the capability of being used for running duel fuel IC engines (20% HSD and 80% biogas).
- With the able assistance of anaerobic fermentation process, it is possible to generate Biogas from poultry litter as well. The resultant slurry can be used to increase the production and formation of green algae which can not only be used as feed but also aid in the growth of fishes. Additionally, we have facilitated the installation of a few pilot small-scale units which have had encouraging results so far.
- Biogas can also be generated by converting the animal excrements in dairy industries into gas. This, in turn, can be used for generating electricity while also being helpful in thermal energy generation which is essential in running the dairy units.
- We have also tried our hand in the application of Biochar in different varieties of soil. With the help of our continued and sustained efforts, several farmers have come forward on their own to check the application of Biochar while also studying factors such as the crop yield, improvement of soil water retention time and other related aspects.
Non Agriculture based
- In view of the ever-increasing population and the scarcity of housing facilities, SKG Sangha has actively been actively involved in designing and installing human excreta treatment units which produce biogas through anaerobic digestion. By successfully utilizing the biogas produced by the waste treatment plant attached to these ingenious toilets, we aim to embrace the commencement of a new era of silent revolution in areas of waste treatment, pollution free atmosphere, and an overall cleaner environment.
- At SKG Sangha, we have successfully installed units for treating functional waste such as paper, paper cups, banana leaves and leftover food generated by restaurants, hotels, and eateries. These units convert this waste into Biogas through techniques such as food waste treatment, factories waste, and sewage sludge treatment. Moreover, through the implementation of this scheme, we aim to provide a lasting solution to combat the global threats of increasing fuel crisis, daunting environmental pollution, and alarming hygienic problems.
- By making use of the biogas produced of their own, people can reduce their dependence and use of other fuels considerably. Keeping this in mind, SKG Sangha has installed a unit in Christian Medical College, Vellore which can treat up to three tons of kitchen waste per day. Moreover, with the help of further research, we have so far been able to achieve a substantial 70 cubic meter of biogas per ton of material used. Currently, we aim to finish our ongoing research by the end of 2018.
1. Micro Hydro projects
In remote regions of North-East India, the earth's natural wonders can be felt running through the currents of rivers and lakes which have been deemed essential for harnessing renewable energy provided through micro-hydro plants. At SKG Sangha, we aim to harness this very energy with the sole intent of providing reliable, clean energy and power to the innumerable un-electrified villages of North Eastern States of India by setting up several Micro Hydro projects.
2. Hybrid Windmills
The wind is a clean and plentiful source of energy and we seek to make use of it by way of power generation through small capacity windmills which are planned in the Western Ghats. With the help of our windmills, we aim at not just helping people—but also providing a sustainable and green environment for future generations.With the aid of active community mobilization and involvement and by closely working with community organizations and government agencies, our projects have demonstrated a successful model for extending electricity access through renewable sources in rural areas.