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CER/VER
Half Million tones of carbon dioxide equivalent green house gases is saved per year from the projects taken up by the organization.
The SKG Sangha has developed and implementing quality projects under Clean Development Mechanism and Voluntary Emission Reductions
Many Gold Standard VER projects and few gold standard CDM projects are in pipeline and looking for investors
The organization is extending its activities to African continent perticularly to Kenya, Uganda and Ghana.
The organization is consedering work in sudan, Moracco, Liberia and Thanjania.
The implementation of some of the CER / VER projects have been completed and credits are being issued in full
The organisation is extending its activities to African, Central American and South American countries
The organisation is considering work in Sudan, Morocco and Haiti



French students during their internship


Discussing the ‘project’ with stake holders


Composite Vermicompost Biodigester




"Home" Movie Project


Why:
The production of movie “HOME” created 1533 tons of carbon dioxide equivalents of green house gases – as the movie is about the environment, and as the head of the Good Planet organisation which is striving for environment protection Mr. Yann felt it is opt to reduce the emissions arisen out of the movie production


How to reduce emissions:
There are number of ways to do emission reductions: just drop the production, install more efficient technology so that it saves the energy consumption thus by saving, grow more trees which will absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, invest in renewable energy projects, provide funds to sustainable emission reduction projects which will improve the quality of life and etc...

What project is selected to save emissions?
“The Gold standard ‘composite vermicompost biodigester project’” of SKG Sangha is selected for this purpose

What is SKG Sangha?
SKG Sangha (www.skgsangha.org) is a NGO based in Kolar, Karnataka State, India

Why SKG Sangha?
SKG Sangha has successfully implemented the same type of project earlier with the help from Good Planet, France. SKG Sangha is a successful and efficient organisation in carbon markets.
It has a track record of 3 international awards and 4 carbon market projects. It has installed highest number of biogas plants in the world (>63000) with a success rate of 95% after 5 years of installation

Where the project will be implemented?
Implementation of the project has started in Sidlaghatta taluk in Chikkaballapur district of Karnataka state, India

Who are the beneficiaries?
Rural women who owns cattle and sufficient space for the installation of the unit.


Mr. Vidya Sagar with Mr. Yann ARTHUS- BERTRAND, Producer of the movie "Home"
and author of THE EARTH FROM ABOVE

A detailed project description

Project aims:
Sustainable energy, removal of indoor air pollution, conservation of forests, waste management, sanitation, health, additional income, child health and education, soil fertility, sustainable agriculture, environment protection, employment generation, prevention of migration to urban areas and women empowerment.

Project activity:
Baseline practices of people of the project area include collection of fire wood from already depleting forests and private lands spending about 2-3 hours and travelling about 2-3 kilometres a day . The traditional biomass stoves works at about 10% efficiency and causes indoor air pollution spoiling the health of the residents. 95% of the domestic energy needs are fulfilled by biomass in rural India. Burning of biomass and in the scares times burning of agricultural residues is depriving the agricultural lands the most needed humus and forcing the farmers to go for chemical fertilizer application to maintain the nutrient requirement of the crops spending huge amounts of money and in the end reducing the soil fertility. As the Indian farmers are poor they rely on cows for additional income by selling milk.

The cow dung, about 15 -30 tons per year and the cow shed waste mixed with animal urine along with the agricultural residues, about 15 tons/year will be dumped in a shallow pits of about 1- 3 meter deep to convert the material into compost. This material will never be mixed and never becomes dry. In the rainy season the rain water accumulates and anaerobic condition develops in the pits. These pits cause GHG emissions and become the breeding ground for the mosquitoes, flies, bugs and pathogens.

By installing a biogas plant which will be fed with cow dung and kitchen waste water, about 15 to 25 tons/year and other soft organic wastes, about 4 tons of fire wood can be saved, IAP can be avoided and 2-4 hours time can be saved for women and children. This unit will generate about 30 to 60 tons of liquid spent slurry per year. Carrying of this liquid to agricultural lands poses a big problem to the farmers and usually they dry it in the sun loosing most needed nitrogen due to evaporation. To prevent this and to treat the other organic waste in the pits a vermicompost unit is attached. This technology is the innovative aspect of the project

Vermicompost unit:
This is a rectangle tank of 3.5meter x1.2 meter civil masonry work and on the top of it a shed is constructed to prevent rain water and to create shade. The spent slurry of the biogas plant will be mixed with other agricultural residues and cow shed waste to make them in to moist. This moist material will be mixed and turned regularly out side the masonry work until it is ripe to feed it to the earth worms. Then it will be shifted to the masonry work and earth worms will be introduced. Earth worms will eat this material of their body weight per day and excrete the same amount in the form of granules. These granules will be air dried and stored for land application. On an average about 8 tons of vermicompost is made in this method per year. 50% of the produce will be used in their own lands and the remaining will be sold to generate revenue of about Rs. 16,000 per year. The entire unit is made for and maintained by the women and benefit goes to her.

Achieved aims:

  1. Fire wood collection and processing is avoided as the biogas replaces it.
  2. Time for collection and to process the fire wood is saved along with time on cooking as the biogas cooking will be faster than traditional biomass cook stove.
  3. Sanitation is improved as the wastes are treated in scientific manner
  4. health improved as the IAP is avoided and sanitation created
  5. Child education improves as they are no longer needed in collection and process of fire wood and the mother can spare time on child education
  6. Soil fertility increases as the humus in the form of organic fertilizer is applied and replaces the chemical fertilizers
  7. Money saving in the form of avoided chemical fertilizer and pesticide and fire wood purchase. Expenditure on health is also found receded.
  8. Crop yield increased by about 15% and fetching higher price as it is cultivated organically
  9. Women empowerment is seen as she generates income equalling the family income per year
  10. Employment generation is assured in the rural areas by implementation and maintenance of the project. The sustainable agriculture and employment in rural areas prevents the migration to urban areas.
  11. GHG emission reductions: about 15 tons CO2 equivalent/year/unit (But under CDM and under GS the emission reductions will be conservatively calculated applying presently available methodologies. Hence emission reductions/unit/year will be 6 tons of CO2 equivalent)

  1. Avoided biomass burning of 4 tons per year saves about 5 tons CO2 equivalent
  2. About 22 tons of cow dung emissions from the anaerobic condition of the traditional compost pit is about 4 tons of CO2 equivalent
  3. About 25 tons of biomass and agricultural residues and animal urine emissions in the tradition anaerobic compost pit amounting to about 4 tons of CO2 equivalent
  4. One ton of avoided chemical fertiliser manufacturing and usage will contribute about 2 tons of CO2 equivalent
  5. Avoidance of kerosene usage in the house holds for emergency needs and to start fire in traditional biomass stoves saves about 100 litres of kerosene per year and
  6. N2O emissions because of wood burning and chemical fertiliser application and cow dung and urine fermentation in anaerobic traditional compost pits also contribute to emission savings

Implementation:
SKG Sangha is having a capacity to install about 10,000 such unit per year. Already a pilot project and a propagation Gold Standard VER project have been successfully implemented and one larger project is under implementation.